How to make negative sentences in Italian

How to make negative sentences in Italian

Have you ever tried to make negative sentences in Italian by yourself? As easy as they can be, negative sentences can still be a bit confusing if you’re not so sure about hot to make them.

 

You know you have to use a negation, but then you’re not so sure on where to place it within the sentence.

 

So, this lesson is for you. You’re going to learn how to make Italian sentences in the negative form.

 

Watch the video lesson, read the explanation below, and don’t forget to play the game at the end. 🙂

 

HOW TO MAKE NEGATIVE SENTENCES

IN ITALIAN

 

 

To make negative sentences in Italian, we need to use the negation non.

 

In order to know where to put the negation non, we are going to see three situations. We’re going to learm how to form negative sentences with:

 

  • the presente
  • the passato prossimo
  • the freuency adverb mai, both with the presente and with the passato prossimo.

 

Here we have three examples with the presente:

 

Luca non canta bene.

Luca doesn’t sing well.

 

Giorgia non vuole mangiare.

Giorgia doesn’t want to eat.

 

Io non bevo vino.

I don’t drink wine.

 

As you can see from these examples, to make a negative sentence with the presente, we use the negation non and then we place the verb. So, we have:

 

non + verb in the presente

 

Now, let’s have a look at other examples. This time with the passato prossimo:

 

Non ho visto questo film.

I haven’t watched this film.

 

Ieri non sono stata bene.

Yesterday, I didn’t feel well.

 

I ragazzi non hanno voluto ascoltare.

The guys didn’t want to listen.

 

As you can see from these examples, when we have to make a negative sentence in the passato prossimo, we use the negation non, then we use the auxiliary verb, and then we use the past participle. So, we have:

 

non + auxiliary verb + past participle

 

Last but not least, let’s now have a look at a few examples with the frequency adverb mai.

 

Non vado mai in palestra.

I never go to the gym.

 

Alessia non ascolta mai.

Alessia never listens.

 

Non ho mai visto Venezia.

I have never seen Venice.

 

Non sei mai stato in Toscana?

You’ve never been to Tuscany?

 

If you look at the first two examples, you will see that they are in the presente. In that case, we have the sequence:

 

non + verb + mai

Non vado mai in palestra.

Alessia non ascolta mai.

 

However, if you have a look at the last two examples, you will see that they all are in the passato prossimo. In this case, we have to “break” the verb a little bit and put mai between the auxiliary verb and the past participle.

 

Ieri non sono stata bene.

I ragazzi non hanno voluto ascoltare.

 

Therefore, we have:

 

non + auxiliary verb +  mai + past participle

 

Now that you know how to make negative sentences in Italian, play the game below to put what you know into practice. 🙂

 

LET’S PLAY

 

Here you have a quiz. Find the correct negative sentence for each positive sentence that you see. 🙂

 

 

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Gloria Spagnoli
Gloria Spagnoli
I help beginners of Italian take their first steps, speak from day one and learn Italian at their pace and by having fun.